Design and implementation of MPPT control circuits for wind turbines

Sertkaya T. Y.(Executive), Ekmekcigil İ. M., Durusu A.

TUBITAK Project, 2023 - 2024

  • Project Type: TUBITAK Project
  • Begin Date: September 2023
  • End Date: September 2024

Project Abstract

Renewable energy, which is derived from natural resources and can be continuously renewed by nature, and renewable energy systems that harness this energy are becoming more important every day. These systems provide environmental sustainability, reduce dependence on fossil fuels and increase energy security. It is also important that these renewable energy systems, which are becoming more widespread every day, are efficient and that their efficiency is gradually improved. Efficient energy systems can produce more energy using fewer resources. This reduces both energy costs and environmental impact. Therefore, the use of technologies such as appropriate control algorithms to improve the efficiency of renewable energy systems is extremely important. In this project, our aim is to prepare an experimental kit by creating an MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) algorithm for wind energy systems and to contribute to the development of undergraduate students by bringing this experimental kit to our university and arousing the curiosity of undergraduate students in this subject. In this way, it is hoped that our country will be able to produce electrical engineers who can carry out successful renewable energy projects. In this project, the MPPT and converter circuit will be simulated in the computer environment in Matlab Simulink under different wind conditions before being implemented. The system and circuit prepared in the simulation environment, and whose operability has been approved, will be transferred to the physical environment and converted into an experimental set. The MPPT control will be continuously provided by the algorithm we will embed in Arduino UNO. The current and voltage information we receive through the converter circuit will be read in Arduino, the algorithm will be returned and an output value will be determined and controlled by driving the Mosfet integration on the converter. The control algorithm continuously measures the speed of the generator, allowing the turbine to use the maximum energy provided by the airflow. In this way, we aim to achieve maximum power output by ensuring that the wind turbine rotor is rotating at the optimum speed.