Grid connection of heavy-duty electric vehicles and energy storage systems

Creative Commons License

Durusu A. (Executive), Kantürk Figen A., Erdinç O., Boynueğri A. R., Yaşa Y.

Technopark, 2023 - 2023

  • Project Type: Technopark
  • Begin Date: July 2023
  • End Date: September 2023

Project Abstract

As electric vehicles (EVs) become more widespread, efforts to facilitate their infrastructure and use continue. In recent months, Europe, especially Germany, has accelerated the production of battery cells for electric cars. China's CATL, Funeng Technology, BYD, Lishen, US Tesla, South Korea's Samsung SDI, LG Chem and many others are competing fiercely for a large share of the global battery supply chain by building huge battery factories. Total global lithium-ion battery production, which is expected to be around 220 gigawatt-hours (GWh) by the end of this year, is expected to reach 658 GWh in 2023 with new investments by countries, and more than 1,000 GWh in 2028. It is therefore estimated that lithium-ion battery production will increase by around 400 per cent by 2028. It is worth noting that much of the high demand that will result from the widespread use of electric cars will be met by China. Ch ina is expected to increase its capacity to around 135GWh this year, 405GWh in 2023 and 631GWh in 2028. China is followed by South Korea and Japan with 45.5GWh this year, while capacity in Asian countries other than China is expected to increase to 78.5GWh in 2023 and 111.5GWh in 2028. North American capacity is forecast to increase to 20.9 GWh in 2018, 81 GWh in 2023 and 148 GWh in 2028. European capacity, which will be around 20GWh at the end of this year, is expected to rise to 93.5GWh in 2023 and 207GWh in 2028. As global EV sales begin to rise, production capacity is expected to increase rapidly, with 22 "gigafactories" around the world producing at least 1,102 GWh of batteries per year by 2028. In 2020, the average range of a 100% electric vehicle with a fully charged battery is 400 km. Increasing this range will significantly increase the demand for electric vehicles. In addition, as batteries are the highest cost item in an electric vehicle, battery technologies are expected to improve and prices are expected to fall. In addition, renewable energy systems also require advanced battery packs. The development of battery technology will have a domino effect on the renewable energy sector. For these reasons, many small and large players around the world are investing in the sector. In addition, governments and trade unions want to have a say in global battery production by announcing major incentive packages. The project will provide R&D support for ANADOLU ISUZU's studies on heavy-duty electric vehicles (trucks, vans, etc.) and storage systems. In addition, the project will provide training on electric vehicles and storage systems for R&D and production engineers.