Carbon dioxide utilization: process simulation of synthetic fuel production from flue gases

Oztemel B., Salt İ. , Salt Y.

CHEMICAL INDUSTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY, no.00, pp.1-32, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/ciceq211025005b
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-32


Environmental problems are on the rise and nowadays more climate-related, which are caused primarily by greenhouse gas emissions. Also, worldwide industrial emissions from power plants will cause 50% of the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere by 2035. The simulation study of the synthetic fuel production from flue gas emitted by industrial power plants is performed by using the ChemCAD Software. The study aims to reproduce all constituents of flue gas into valuable products to reduce the effects of harmful gases on the environment. The synthetic fuel produced consists of 94.75% hydrocarbons with carbon numbers ranging from 1 to 4 with a 6.59% overall conversion rate. 95% of the sulfur content in flue gas is collected by desulfurizing the fuel mixture. 90.3% of the nitrogen gas in flue gas is also recovered by the membrane process. Sulfurization, Reverse Water Gas-Shift, and Fischer-Tropsch syntheses have 95%, 79%, and 98.4% single-pass conversions, respectively, with appropriate catalysts. Economic analysis is also performed, and the payback period of the project is 6.1 years, while the return-on-investment rate is 16.64%.