The effect of zinc and sodium borate doping on the structural, morphological, optical, electrical and electrochemical properties of PEDOT:PSS thin film electrodes for flexible and transparent supercapacitor applications


New Journal of Chemistry, vol.48, no.9, pp.4096-4108, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/d3nj05337g
  • Journal Name: New Journal of Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.4096-4108
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, it is proposed to develop new electrodes for high performance and flexible supercapacitors by doping sodium borate (Na2B4O5(OH)4·8H2O) (NaB) and zinc borate (Zn3B6O12·3.5H2O) (ZnB) to poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) for the first time. NaB and ZnB were doped to PEDOT:PSS in different ratios (0, 0.3, 0.6, 1.25 and 2.5 mg ml−1) and coated on glass substrates by a spin coating method, which is a simple and low cost deposition technically. Studies were carried out to determine the structural, electrical, optical and morphological properties of the thin films produced. Electrochemical properties were determined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) tests. The 2.5 mg ml−1 NaB doped PEDOT:PPS/GCE exhibited 10 times higher capacitance than the undoped PEDOT:PSS electrode material (1.0 V potential range, 0.1 M NaCl electrolyte). This study proposes a new electrode material produced at low cost in one-step for supercapacitor applications with improved electrochemical performance.