Determination of Peaking Factors for Sewerage System in Antalya, Tourism Capital of Turkey

Tan R. İ., Arslankaya E., Kesgin E., Ağaçcıoğlu H.

Water Environment Research, vol.93, no.11, pp.2609-2622, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 93 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/wer.1612
  • Journal Name: Water Environment Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.2609-2622
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The design of wastewater system pipe size is traditionally based on the maximum wastewater flow that is a function of multiple factors. Understanding the appropriate peaking factors (PF) by using daily flow variations through wastewater collection systems (WWCS) is essential for cost-effective design. This paper describes the maximum and minimum PFs by using wastewater flow data of four separate residential areas such as Lara, Belek-1, Kemer, and Hurma in Antalya which is the tourism capital of Turkey. The study involves the analysis of wastewater data recorded at daily interval for two different time periods (2006-2009 and 2016-2019) in Antalya. There is a comprehensive investigation regarding PFs that involves sustained peaking flow and percentiles. Therefore, a new empirical equation was proposed by using wastewater flowrate for the estimation of the maximum daily peaking factor. When the daily PFs are determined between 1.31-1.52, 1.60-2.58, 2.26-3.29 and 1.93-2.29 for Lara, Belek-1, Kemer and Hurma WWTPs for 2016-2019 time period, they are in the range of 2.19-2.93 and 1.95-3.31 for Lara and Hurma WWTPs for the time period of 2006-2009, respectively. In brief, this study presents a comprehensive calculation of PFs with a determination of their sustained flow analysis with different durations and percentiles.