Fabrication Methods of 2D Nanomaterials for Photocatalytic and Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution: A Review

Çakar M., İnsel M. A., Sadıkoğlu H.

1st International Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials Conference, İstanbul, Turkey, 25 - 27 May 2022, pp.38

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.38
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Hydrogen production is of great importance because of the emerging hydrogen energy technologies and its use in industry. However, the production of hydrogen from conventional processes such as steam reforming is frowned upon due to its negative effects on the environment. Hence, recently, photocatalytic and electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution has gained a lot of interest with their sustainable and clean characteristics. The main obstacles in general utilization of these evolution methods are the high catalyst costs and relatively low hydrogen yields. Therefore, 2D nanomaterials has attracted attention with their superior physicochemical performances compared to their bulk counterpart. In this study, the production methods of different 2D nanomaterials that are utilized specifically for hydrogen evolution was investigated thoroughly. As a result, the advantages and disadvantages of these production methods are discussed in detail and the optimum methods were determined for each 2D nanomaterial class. This study provides means to select the most suitable method for fabrication of a specific 2D nanomaterial to be used in hydrogen evolution.