Bioactive ceramic coatings containing carbon nanotubes on metallic substrates by electrophoretic deposition

Singh I., KAYA C., Shaffer M. S. P., Thomas B., Boccaccini A. R.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.41, no.24, pp.8144-8151, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10853-006-0170-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8144-8151
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A range of potentially bioactive ceramic coatings, based on combinations of either hydroxyapatite (HA) or titanium oxide nanoparticles with carbon nanotubes (CNTs), have been deposited on metallic substrates, using electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Sol-gel derived, ultrafine HA powders (10-70 nm) were dispersed in multi-wall nanotube-containing ethanol suspensions maintained at pH = similar to 3.5 and successfully coated onto Ti alloy wires at 20 V for 1-3 min For TiO2/CNT coatings, commercially available titania nanopowders and surface-treated CNTs in aqueous suspensions were co-deposited on stainless steel planar substrates. A field strength of 20 V/cm and deposition time of 4 min were used working at pH = 5. Although the co-deposition mechanism was not investigated in detail, the evidence suggests that co-deposition occurs due to the opposite signs of the surface charges (zeta potentials) of the particles, at the working pH. Electrostatic attraction between CNTs and TiO2 particles leads to the creation of composite particles in suspension, consisting of TiO2 particles homogenously attached onto the surface of individual CNTs. Under the applied electric field, these net negatively charged "composite TiO2/CNT" elements migrate to and deposit on the anode (working electrode). The process of EPD at constant voltage conditions was optimised in both systems to achieve homogeneous and reasonably adhered deposits of varying thicknesses on the metallic substrates.