Utilisation of an active branching sucrase from Lactobacillus kunkeei AP-37 to produce techno-functional poly-oligosaccharides

İspirli H., KORKMAZ K., Arioglu-Tuncil S., BOZKURT F., SAĞDIÇ O., Tunçil Y. E., ...More

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.236, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 236
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.123967
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Branching sucrase, Branched dextran
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Glucansucrase AP-37 was extracted from the culture supernatant of Lactobacillus kunkeei AP-37 and characteristics of the glucan produced by the active glucansucrase in terms of structural and functional roles were determined in this study. A molecular weight around 300 kDa was observed for glucansucrase AP-37 and its acceptor reactions with maltose, melibiose and mannose were also conducted to unveil the prebiotic potential of the poly-oligosaccharides formed via these reactions. The core structure of glucan AP-37 was determined by 1H and 13C NMR and GC/MS analysis which revealed that glucan AP-37 was a highly branched dextran composing of high levels of (1 → 3)-linked α-D-glucose units with low levels of (1 → 2)-linked α-D-glucose units. The structural features of the glucan formed, demonstrated that glucansucrase AP-37 was an α-(1 → 3) branching sucrase. Dextran AP-37 was further characterised by FTIR analysis and XRD analysis demonstrated its amorphous nature. A fibrous compact morphology was observed for dextran AP-37 with SEM analysis whereas TGA and DSC analysis revealed its high stability as no degradation was observed up to 312 °C. Finally, the prebiotic potential of the dextran AP-37 and the gluco-oligosaccharides produced with the acceptor reaction of α-(1 → 3) branching sucrase AP-37 were determined and promising results were found for the gluco-oligosaccharides to act as prebiotics.