Microstructural development of woven mullite fibre-reinforced mullite ceramic matrix composites by infiltration processing

KAYA C., Gu X., Al-Dawery I., Butler E.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS, vol.3, no.1, pp.35-44, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Mullite fibre (Nextel 720 (TM))-reinforced mullite ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) with zirconia weak interface were fabricated from heterocoagulated nano-size boehmite/amorphous silica powder particles dispersed in water, using electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and pressure filtration (PF). The nano-size mullite precursor was first prepared and characterised in terms of short-range particle particle interactions and particle size distribution. Woven Nextel 720 mullite fibres were first desized and then coated with hydrothermally derived zirconia using dip-coating. EPD was performed under constant voltage conditions with varying deposition times, to infiltrate the dispersed powder suspensions into mullite fibre preforms, enabling the parameters necessary for good deposition of stoichiometric mullite to be established. EPD formed bodies were further consolitated using PF. The EPD/PF prepared green body specimens were dried under controlled atmosphere conditions before being sintered at 1200 degrees C for 2 h in air. Mullite fibre mats were fully infiltrated using EPD parameters of 12 V DC applied voltage with 4 min deposition time, then eight EPD infiltrated fibre mats were further consolidated together using PF. The resulting CMC produced contained 35 vol% fibre loading and showed 81% theoretical density after sintering at 1200 degrees C for 2 h. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.