International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, vol.10, no.1, pp.29-55, 2023 (ESCI)
Communication Technology (ICT) Competence Beliefs Scale, developed by
Rubach and Lazarides (2021), into Turkish and test the adapted scale's validity and
reliability. The initial step involved conducting a linguistic equivalence of the scale
from English to Turkish with 62 English language teachers in a pre-test.
Subsequently, the Turkish version of the scale was administered to 356 teachers
(69.7% female, 30.3% male) in Turkey to assess its validity and reliability.
Participating teachers were from different subjects (e.g., 9.8% science, 7.9%
mathematics, 3.7% social science) and school types (27.5% primary school, 55.3%
secondary school, 17.1% others). Results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated
the original six-factor structure with three first-order and three second-order factors
that best fitted the data. The same competence dimensions were indicated in the
Turkish contexts as in the original instrument, i.e., information and data literacy;
communication and collaboration; digital content creation; safety and security;
problem-solving; analyzing and reflecting. The correlations between all six firstorder factors were between .58 ≥ r ≥.79. All factors showed good reliability
indices, i.e., α > .83, ω > .83 and CR > .72. The adapted instrument was found to
be invariant across gender. Mean-level differences among gender groups point to
one difference with male teachers reporting higher competence beliefs for digital
content creation compared to female teachers. In conclusion, the results of this
replication study support the cross-cultural transferability of the original Teachers'
Basic ICT Competence Beliefs instrument developed by Rubach and Lazarides