Characterisation of dextran AP-27 produced by bee pollen isolate Lactobacillus kunkeei AP-27

Yilmaz M. T., İspirli H., Alidrisi H., Taylan O., DERTLİ E.

Process Biochemistry, vol.129, pp.22-29, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 129
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.procbio.2023.03.007
  • Journal Name: Process Biochemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.22-29
  • Keywords: Bee isolates, Dextran, Exopolysaccharides, LAB, Lactobacillus kunkeei
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


An exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by bee pollen isolate Lactobacillus kunkeei AP-27 was characterised in this study. EPS monomeric composition of strain AP-27 was characterised by High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis and glucose was the only sugar in the EPS repeating unit. Structural analysis of glucan AP27 by 1H and 13C Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis demonstrated that this glucan was a dextran ((1→6)-linked α-D-glucose units as the main body) consisting very low level of (1 → 4)-linked α-D-glucose units (∼ 0.5 %). Dextran AP-27 had a degradation temperature of 308 °C that revealed its superior thermal strength identified by Thermogravimetric (TGA) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis. The molecular weight of dextran AP-27 was determined to be 25 kDa by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) analysis. Crystallographic properties of dextran AP-27 was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis that divulged its amorphous feature. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis was applied for microstructural characterisation of dextran AP-27 which revealed its regular sphere like characteristics. These findings suggest that Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) strains from different environments such as bee products can be the source for distinct EPS producer strains.