A Comparative Study on the High-Temperature Forming and Constitutive Modeling of Ti-6Al-4V


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Uz M. M. , Hazar A. B. , Aydoğan C. S. , Yapıcı G. G.

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance , vol.31, pp.1-15, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

Ti-6Al-4V alloy is often preferred for high-performance components such as aerospace components due to its superior material properties and thermal resistance. In order to produce these components in the desired geometry, it is very important to determine the high-temperature thermomechanical properties of Ti-6Al4V. In order to define these properties, uniaxial tensile tests at strain rates of 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1 s21 at 700, 750 and 800 C were applied in this study. In tests performed at a strain rate of 0.001 s21 at 800 C, an elongation at break above 0.8 representing a dominant ductile behavior is observed. It is clearly demonstrated that the initial 17.32% b phase reaches 31.02% at 800 C, and the a grain size increases with temperature. Existence of dimples and voids in the fracture surfaces are an indicator of increased ductility behavior. In addition to the Modified Johnson–Cook model, which is widely used for modeling flow stress, the use of the extended Ludwik equation is suggested in this study. According to the correlation coefficient (R), it is claimed that the Extended Ludwik model is a more suitable approach for modeling the mechanical behavior for the studied forming temperature range.