Effect of hythane enrichment on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of an ci engine

SANDALCI T., IŞIN Ö., Galata S., Karagoz Y., GULER I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.44, no.5, pp.3208-3220, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.12.069
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3208-3220
  • Keywords: Diesel engine, Hythane, Smoke, In-cylinder pressure, Rate of heat release, DUAL-FUEL COMBUSTION, METHANE ADDITION, NATURAL-GAS, HYDROGEN, MIXTURES
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Although compression ignition engines have high torque output and thermal efficiency, they emit lots of NO and smoke emissions. Moreover, total number and percentage of compression ignition engine powered vehicles in road vehicles have been increasing recent years which is called as dieselisation in EEA term reports. Dieselisation is really hazardous for human life and environment. Therefore, some governments in Europe take action to forbid using diesel engine powered vehicles in city centers. Hydrogen and methane mixture which is named as hythane can be an alternative to restrict this negative situation. For this reason, 90% methane and 10% hydrogen gas mixture was used as additional fuel in diesel engine. According to obtained results, smoke emission was decreased 95.44% at the rate of 50% gaseous fuel at 2100 rpm engine speed. However, increase of THC, CO and NOx emissions with hythane addition weren't prevented. Using hythane in conventional diesel engines as dual operation mode will be solution to diminish dieselisation problem in near feature. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.