Prediction of anemia with a particle swarm optimization-based approach

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AHMAD A., Alzaidi K. M. S., SARİ M., USLU H.

An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications (IJOCTA), vol.13, no.2, pp.214-223, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier


Healthcare enables the maintenance of health through some physical and mental care for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease. Diagnosis of anemia, one of the most common health problems of the age, is also very ambitious. Whereas, pathological individuals could be predicted through various biomedical variables using some appropriate methods. In order to estimate these individuals just by taking into account biological data, particle swarm optimization (PSO) and support vector machine (SVM) clustering techniques have been merged (PSO-SVM). In this respect, the dataset provided has been divided into five clusters based on anemia types consisting of 539 subjects in total, and the anemia values of each subject have been recorded according to corresponding biomedical variables taken as independent parameters. The findings of the PSO-SVM method have been compared to the results of the SVM algorithm. The hybrid PSO-SVM method has proven to be quite effective, particularly in terms of the high predictability of clustered disease types. it is possible to lead the successful creation of appropriate treatment programs for diagnosed patients without overlooking or wasting time during treatment.