This study aimed to discover the perceptions of academics in Turkey in regards to academic freedom. It was conducted qualitatively and 30 academics at public and foundation universities were interviewed. According to the results, academics think that academic freedom was not defined well in the current higher education management system and while defining it, they stressed the "function and constraints of research." Moreover, most academics were not satisfied with implementations and stated that it decreased in this manner. Furthermore, academics revealed that neo-liberal discussions about the role of universities caused a transformation in academic freedom perceptions, and they encountered limitations in accessing financial resources and support while doing research studies. Most academics advised full participation in faculty boards and governing bodies.