Measuring Pro-Poor Growth in Turkey


6th Business and Social Science Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 03 August 2017, pp.27

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Dubrovnik
  • Country: Croatia
  • Page Numbers: pp.27


This study aims to answer to the question of whether the growth process in Turkey has been pro-poor for the 2003-2014 period. Towards this end, we first introduce the concept of pro-poor growth and then, we present four ways of measuring pro-poor growth, namely pro-poor growth index (Kakwani and Pernia, 2000), rate of pro-poor growth (Ravallion and Chen, 2003), poverty growth curve (Son, 2004), and poverty equivalent growth rate (Kakwani and Son, 2008). We apply these measures to Turkey by utilizing household budget surveys conducted by Turkish Statistical Institution. We found that growth has always been pro-poor in absolute terms. Moreover, although, there were a few years that growth was not pro-poor in relative sense, it was pro-poor when the 2003-2014 period was examined as a whole. Lastly, we decomposed the change in poverty into growth and redistribution components and notwithstanding positive effect of inequality, we found that the main factor of the change in poverty has been derived by the growth component.