Estimation of atmospheric PCB releases from industrial facilities in Turkey

KUZU S. L., SARAL A., DEMİR S., Coltu H., Can M., Beyaz T.

ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.4, no.4, pp.420-426, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.5094/apr.2013.048
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.420-426
  • Keywords: PCB emission inventory, emission factor, Krigging method, simple box model, POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS PCBS, HISTORICAL EMISSION INVENTORY, TRENDS, AIR, DEPOSITION, CONGENERS, SITES, AREA
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


PCB production reduced or stopped in most countries in the late 1970s. According to the Stockholm Convention all the party countries have to list their PCB containing equipment and prepare national inventories. A national implementation plan was prepared in Turkey however, this plan is inadequate. Furthermore, there has not been any information prepared about stationary emission sources, contributing to atmospheric PCB inputs so far. It is aimed in this study to meet this deficit. This study will also help to make stronger comments on identifying sources of atmospheric PCB concentrations. PCB emission factors were utilized to determine the emissions. An average of 920 kg yr(-1) of PCB emission is estimated in this study within the borders of Turkey. Highest contribution occurs in Kocaeli located on the North-West of the country by 47% of the overall emissions. Secondary most pollutant site is determined to be Aliaga on the west of the country. Both of this regions are heavily, industrialized and several different industrial processes are present. Iron-steel manufacturing and copper smelting processes comprises the 94% of the PCB releases from stationary sources. A simple box model was applied at two hot spots to determine potential contribution of the estimated emissions to atmospheric concentrations. In Dilovasi, the average contribution from industrial sources was determined as 244 pg m(-3) while the average contribution for Aliaga was calculated as 126 pg m(-3) within a 50 km x 50 km grid.