Evaluation of technical and financial benefits of battery energy storage system control strategies

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Oğuzalp F., Terkes M., Demirci A.

International journal of energy studies (Online), vol.9, no.1, pp.1-20, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


The recent increase in renewable energy generation can balance consumption and reduce carbon emissions. With battery energy storage optimizing supply and demand, it is more important than ever to manage charge control to the benefit of all stakeholders. In this paper, the developed and proposed energy management control methods based on the technical operating criteria of battery energy storage (BESS) and considering self-consumption rate (SCR), self-supply rate (SSR) and curtailment rate are compared in terms of environmental index and economics for daily and annual demand profiles for various household prosumer demand profiles in Istanbul and Antalya. Considering the supply-demand matching based on demand flexibility, feed-in damping, fixed feed-in, schedule mode, schedule mode with constant charging power and self-consumption control methods are proposed for optimum operation for each prosumer profile. The results show that feed-in damping and fixed feed-in methods can reduce household prosumer costs by up to 22.3% in the daily analysis. Moreover, similar control methods can increase SCR by up to 29.5% and reduce costs by up to 10.62% for higher irradiances in the annual analysis. Proper management of BESS charge control can facilitate sustainable development goals by assisting plans of many stakeholders.