The Combination of Electrocoagulation and Enhanced Electrooxidation for the Treatment of Petrochemical Wastewater: Biodegradability Studies

Feizi R., Khavari Kashani M. R., Jaafarzadeh N., VARANK G., Bazipur F., Ghanbari F.

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol.234, no.12, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 234 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11270-023-06789-5
  • Journal Name: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Biodegradability, Electrooxidation, Petrochemical wastewater, UV irradiation, Zahn-Wellens
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, electrocoagulation (EC) followed by enhanced electrooxidation (EO) was harnessed to treat a real petrochemical wastewater (PWW). In EC process, two kinds of aluminum and iron electrodes were used and under optimal condition (200 mA applied current) COD removal was achieved 42% and 38% for Al and Fe electrodes, respectively. Combined treatment methods of EO/UV, EO/US, and EO/Fe(II) were assessed in comparison with single EO and COD removal efficiencies of 68, 65, and 60% were obtained for EO/UV, EO/Fe(II), and EO/US processes, respectively. The best COD, TOC, and color removal efficiencies were attained for EO/UV/Fe(II) process being 80, 69, and 91%, respectively. The average oxidation state (AOS) and biodegradability index (BI) of the raw and treated samples by various methods were evaluated and the best promising results were obtained for EO/UV/Fe(II) process which were 1.1 and 0.52 for AOS and BI respectively. Additionally, Zahn-Wellens test was conducted and sample treated by EO/UV/Fe(II) was superior to samples treated by other methods, and in just 5 days, minimum biodegradability extent of 70% was met and finally reached over 95% which is an extraordinary result. Finally, the toxicity of the effluent was markedly reduced after sequential processes.