Protection Coordination Practice in Electrical Substation Part-1 Overcurrent and Earth Fault Protection - Case Study of Siddik Kardesler Substation (SKS), Istanbul, Turkey

Shobole A., BAYSAL M., Wadi M., Tur M. R.

GAZI UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, vol.30, no.4, pp.180-198, 2017 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.180-198
  • Keywords: Earth Fault Protection, Over Current Protection, Protection Coordination, Electrical Substation, DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT, ALGORITHM, MALAYSIA, RELAYS, SYSTEM
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Protection coordination is the heart of all power systems. To ensure a quality and reliable operation of the power systems, an electrical fault must be cleared within a short time. This can be achieved by proper coordination between the protection relays. In Siddik Kardesler Substation the MV voltage feeders' protection is provided by overcurrent relays. This paper is principally concerned with practical protection coordination of the electrical substation by using Siddik Kardesler Substation substation as a case study. In the Part-2, distance and differential protection will be discussed. Finally, after test and commissioning, the substation is successfully energized without a problem.