Chandra observation of a cold front in Abell 2554

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Erdım M. K., Hüdaverdi M.

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, vol.488, no.2, pp.2917-2924, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 488 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/mnras/stz1912
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2917-2924
  • Keywords: galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2554, galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium, GALAXY CLUSTER, XMM-NEWTON, COOL CORE, ABUNDANCES, MERGERS, IMAGES
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We present the evidence for the existence of sub-structure in the cold front cluster A2554 based on a 20.14 ks Chandra observation. Using centroid shift and X-ray brightness concentration parameters, we confirm that A2554 is a dynamically disturbed system. We detect two dominant structures: a main cluster at z = 0.1108 and a foreground northern sub-structure at z = 0.1082. The analysis reveals an X-ray surface brightness edge at r similar or equal to 60 h(-1) kpc from the cluster core. The thermodynamical profiles across the edge are ruling out the shock scenario. The temperature jump (from similar to 6 keV to similar to 10 keV), and pressure equilibrium (P-0/P-1 = 1.01 +/- 0.23) across the edge, are consistent with the definition of a cold front with a Mach number M-1 = 0.94 (+0.13)(-0.17). We also observed a weak bow-shock at similar to 100 kpc in front of the cold cloud, corresponding an upper limit to the Mach number M-1 similar to 1.1. If the northern substructure was not related to the cold front, we conclude that the transonic motion of the cloud is caused by a merger, which was weak or occurred long ago.