The effect of nitrogen pressure on cathodic arc deposited NbN thin films

CANSEVER N., Danisman M., Kazmanli K.

SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, vol.202, no.24, pp.5919-5923, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 202 Issue: 24
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2008.06.158
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5919-5923
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


NbN thin films were deposited on non-standard grade high speed steel (HSS) (79.90 wt.% Fe, 0.71 wt.% C, 6.09 wt.% W, 4.52 wt.% Mo, 3.95 wt.% Cr, 1.82 wt.% Co, 1.75 wt.% V and a hardness of 65 HRC) using cathodic arc deposition at 0.125, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 Pa nitrogen pressures (P-N2), with a bias voltage of -150 V. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Nanoindentation and Rockwell C analysis were used to characterize the thin films in order to identify the NbN phases and to investigate the influence of P-N2 on mechanical properties. Hexagonal beta-Nb2N, epsilon-NbN and delta'-NbN0.95 are identified in XRD analysis. Hardness values derived by nanoindentation technique are 20 GPa for beta-Nb2N, epsilon-NbN and 40 GPa for delta'-NbN0.95. Due to the complexity of phase system special attention was focused on identification of NbN phases by deconvolating the XRD peaks especially at 0.5 Pa in which both epsilon-NbN and beta-Nb2N were found. Rockwell C analysis revealed that the him adhesion is found to be poor at lower P-N2, due to the brittle nature of beta-Nb2N. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.