Spectrum Occupancy Prediction Exploiting Time and Frequency Correlations Through 2D-LSTM

Aygul M. A., Nazzal M., Ekti A. R., Gorcin A., Da Costa D. B., Ates H. F., ...More

91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020, Antwerp, Belgium, 25 - 28 May 2020 identifier


© 2020 IEEE.The identification of spectrum opportunities is a pivotal requirement for efficient spectrum utilization in cognitive radio systems. Spectrum prediction offers a convenient means for revealing such opportunities based on the previously obtained occupancies. As spectrum occupancy states are correlated over time, spectrum prediction is often cast as a predictable time-series process using classical or deep learning-based models. However, this variety of methods exploits time-domain correlation and overlooks the existing correlation over frequency. In this paper, differently from previous works, we investigate a more realistic scenario by exploiting correlation over time and frequency through a 2D-long short-term memory (LSTM) model. Extensive experimental results show a performance improvement over conventional spectrum prediction methods in terms of accuracy and computational complexity. These observations are validated over the real-world spectrum measurements, assuming a frequency range between 832-862 MHz where most of the telecom operators in Turkey have private uplink bands.