Simultaneous determination of iprodione, procymidone, and chlorflurenol in lake water and wastewater matrices by GC-MS after multivariate optimization of binary dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction

Ozdogan N., Kapukiran F., MUTLUOGLU G., Chormey D. S., BAKIRDERE S.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.190, no.10, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This study reports the optimization of a binary dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method for the determination of iprodione, procymidone, and chlorflurenol by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The study was aimed at using two extraction solvents to increase the extraction efficiency of all analytes. The binary solvents recorded results higher than the mono-solvents. After examining the effects of main experimental parameters and their interactions by analysis of variance, 200L of binary mixture (dichloromethane and 1,2-dichloroethane), 2.5mL of ethanol, and 15s vortex were obtained as optimum parameters. The detection and quantification limits calculated for the analytes were found to be between 0.30-1.6 and 1.0-5.3ng/mL, respectively. Enhancement in detection power calculated as a ratio of the binary extraction detection limit to the detection limit of direct GC-MS analysis was 105-, 214-, and 233-fold for chlorflurenol, iprodione, and procymidone, respectively. In order to check the accuracy of the developed method, recovery study was performed. Water sampled from a lake and two wastewater samples from treatment facilities were spiked at two concentrations, and the percent recovery calculated for the samples ranged between 87 and 116%. These results confirmed the suitability of the method to real samples for accurate determination of the analytes at trace levels.