Needs analysis of students' mental model representation through visualisation to support SDGs 4: A preliminary study

Bin Amiruddin M. Z., Samsudin A., Suhandi A., Suliyanah S., COŞTU B., Purwanto M. G.

2024 International Conference on SDGs for Sustainable Future, ICSSF 2024, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2 - 03 March 2024, vol.513 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 513
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/e3sconf/202451304005
  • City: Surabaya
  • Country: Indonesia
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The development of strong cognitive abilities through education and training is an important aspect of achieving the various SDG targets. In science learning, cognitive psychology is often ignored even though it contributes to learning. This research aims to conduct a needs analysis through a preliminary study related to students' mental models in visualization. Qualitative descriptive was used in this study by describing in detail the answers in the form of graphs interpreted by students on the given question sheet. A total of ten questions were given with three sub-materials of straight motion. The results of this study present that students' mental model instantiation is classified as very poor because it is dominated by the initial category for the three sub-matters, respectively 49% (sub-1), 84% (sub-2), and 94% (sub-3). This states that the category of students' mental models reflects incomplete and unscientific depictions and there are even blank answers. Therefore, further research is needed to evaluate and improve students' mental models to support sustainable education.