DRYING OF GREEN BEAN AND OKRA UNDER SOLAR ENERGY


Doymaz I.

CHEMICAL INDUSTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY, vol.17, no.2, pp.199-205, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/ciceq101217004d
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICAL INDUSTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-205

Abstract

In this study, sun drying characteristics of green bean and okra were investigated. Drying experiments were conducted in Iskenderun-Hatay, Turkey. The drying study showed that the times taken for drying of green bean and okra from the initial moisture contents of 89.5% and 88.7% (w.b.) to final moisture content of around 15 +/- 0.5% (w.b.) were 60 and 100 h in open sun drying, respectively. The constant rate period is absent in drying curves. The drying process took place in the falling rate period. The drying data were fitted to thirteen thin-layer drying models. The performance of these models was investigated by comparing the determination of coefficient (R(2)), reduced chi-square (chi(2)) and root mean square error (RMSE) between the observed and predicted moisture ratios. Estimations by Approximation of diffusion (for green bean) and Midilli et al. models (for okra) were in good agreement with the experimental data obtained.