Energy and exergy analyses of sugar production stages

Bayrak M., Midilli A., Nurveren K.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESEARCH, vol.27, no.11, pp.989-1001, 2003 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/er.916
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.989-1001
  • Keywords: energy, exergy, irreversibility, thermodynamics, sugar production, exergy loss, exergetic efficiency
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


This paper presents the energy and exergy analyses of sugar production stages by using the operational data from Bor Sugar Plant, Turkey. For these purposes, all stages of sugar production, considered as a steady-state open thermodynamic system, were analysed by employing the first and second law of thermodynamics. In this regard, the first and second law efficiencies, the magnitude and place of exergy losses in these production stages were estimated and discussed in detail. It was concluded that the exergy loses took place mostly during the sherbert production process (eta(1.sp) = 96.8% eta(11.sp) = 49.3%) because of the irreversiblility in the sub-operation stages, which are vapour production, circulation sherber mixing and bagasse compression. Therefore, it is generally suggested that the irreversibility, mostly stem from the finite temperature differences at the production stages, should be reduced to conduct more productively the sugar production process. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.