Selectivity: The Essence of Natural and Artificial Intelligence

Zhang Y.

4th International Conference on Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems (INFUS), Bornova, Turkey, 19 - 21 July 2022, vol.504, pp.932-940 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 504
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-09173-5_107
  • City: Bornova
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.932-940
  • Keywords: Universal intelligence, General intelligence, Selectivity, Intentionality, Turing machine, AI models, Features of intelligence
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


The paper summarizes definitions of (artificial) intelligence in three kinds of disciplines, which are (1) anthropology as well as relevant fields of biology, psychology and cognitive science on intelligence, (2) philosophy, and (3) artificial intelligence theories. It tries to generalize the definitions of intelligence in the three disciplines, giving universally formal models of (artificial) intelligence to represent adaptability upon environment proposed in (1), and rational mind proposed in (2), and Turing machines embodying general recursion functions proposed in (3). The core function of (artificial) intelligence is specified as selectivity which covers the essential functions over the three kinds of representations of (artificial) intelligence, and coheres the biological, logical and mechanical natures. In summary, it formally proposes that (artificial) intelligence is just the selectivity, which represents and implements (artificial) intentionality based on environmental knowledge.