Nonlinear behavior of beams having initially small imperfection subjected to sinusoidal load

Tekin Atacan A., Yükseler R. F.

Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.9, no.1, pp.466-477, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


In the present study, the buckling and post-buckling behaviors of beams having small sinusoidal imperfection with pinned ends subjected to sinusoidal loading are examined by using Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. The governing differential equations of the geometrically nonlinear problem consisting of the equilibrium equations, kinematical equations and the constitutive equations are converted into algebraic equations via the finite differences and solved numerically by using the Newton-Raphson method. The values of buckling loads and buckling deflections are determined by drawing load-deflection curves. The effect of the initial imperfection on the buckling values is investigated. Unlike previous studies on the subject, the diagrams of the deformed shapes of the initially sinusoidal curved beams as well as the diagrams of the internal forces at various stages of the deformation including the prebuckling, buckling and postbuckling states are presented.