Homodimeric Protein-Polymer Conjugates via the Tetrazine-trans-Cyclooctene Ligation


LORENZO M. M. , DECKER C. G. , Kahveci M. Ü. , PALUCK S. J. , MAYNARD H. D.

MACROMOLECULES, cilt.49, ss.30-37, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 49 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1021/acs.macromol.5b02323
  • Dergi Adı: MACROMOLECULES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.30-37

Özet

Tetrazine end-functionalized telechelic polymers were synthesized by controlled radical polymerization (CRP) and employed to generate T4 lysozyme homodimers. Mutant T4 lysozyme (V131C), containing a single surface-exposed cysteine, was modified with a protein-reactive trans-cyclooctene (T4L-TCO). Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization yielded poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAAm) with a number-average molecular weight (Mn by 1H NMR) of 2.0 kDa and a dispersity (D by GPC) of 1.05. pNIPAAm was then modified at both ends by postpolymerization with 6-methyltetrazine. For comparison, 2.0 kDa bis-tetrazine poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and 2.0 kDa bis-maleimide pNIPAAm were synthesized. Ligation of T4L-TCO to bis-tetrazine pNIPAAm or bis-tetrazine PEG resulted in protein homodimer in 38% yield and 37% yield, respectively, after only 1 h, whereas bis-maleimide pNIPAAm resulted in only 5% yield of dimer after 24 h. This work illustrates the advantage of employing tetrazine ligation over maleimide thiol-ene chemistry for the synthesis of protein homodimer conjugates.