Arrest of the Mw 6.8 January 24, 2020 Elaziğ (Turkey) earthquake by shallow fault creep

Çakır Z., Doğan U., Akoğlu A. M., Ergintav S., Özarpacı S., Özdemir A., ...More

EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, vol.608, pp.1-9, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 608
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.epsl.2023.118085
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-9
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


It has long been conjectured that creeping sections of strike slip faults arrest or subdue earthquake rupture, partly because of  their reduced slip potential and partly because of their velocity-strengthening frictional properties. However, no instrumentally recorded  large earthquake (Mw ≥ 6.8) on any well instrumented continental strike-slip fault has thus far occurred that has clearly been arrested at a region of fault creep, rendering it difficult to identify experimentally the parameters that control rupture arrest. Nearfield GPS, InSAR and creepmeter data from the 2020 Elazığ (Turkey) earthquake reveal not only how rupture propagation of a large earthquake is hindered by shallow creep reducing the earthquake size, but also provide important quantitative insights into the late interseismic, coseismic and post seismic behavior of a creeping fault, which has important implications for evaluating hazard potential of a major earthquake on a creeping fault, such as has been forecast for the Hayward fault in California.