A NUMERICAL STUDY AIMED AT FINDING OPTIMAL ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODEL COVERING EXPERIMENTALLY OBTAINED HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDRONIC UNDERFLOOR RADIANT HEATING SYSTEMS RUNNING VARIOUS NANOFLUIDS


Colak A. B. , Karakoyun Y., AÇIKGÖZ Ö. , YUMURTACI Z. , DALKILIÇ A. S.

HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH, vol.53, no.5, pp.51-71, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Title of Journal : HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.51-71
  • Keywords: radiant floor heating, ANN, Levenberg-Marquardt, thermal characteristics, PROCESS-CONTROL AGENT, TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, PREDICTION, FLOOR, ANN, TEMPERATURE, PERFORMANCE, BUILDINGS, ALGORITHM

Abstract

In this paper, three unique artificial neural network models have been developed for three different working fluid cases to predict the radiative, convective, and total heat transfer coefficients over the floor surface of radiant floor heating system in a real-size room. Pure water, multiwall carbon nanotube with 0.7 vol.% and 0.07 vol.% contents, and aluminium oxide with 1.26 vol.% content are the operating fluids having inlet temperatures ranging from 30 degrees C to 60 degrees C, while the mass flow rates are 0.056, 0.09, and 0.125 kg/s. The performances of multilayer perceptron networks with the Levenberg-Marquardt, Bayesian regularization, and scaled conjugate gradient as training algorithms and different neuron numbers have been developed and the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm, having the highest prediction performance with 99% accuracy, is selected as a result of detailed computational numerical analyses. This study can be considered as a pioneer artificial neural network one on the floor heating systems having nanofluids.