Effect of repolishing on the surface roughness and color stability of air-abraded resin composites

Altaş N., Aydınoğlu A., Gözetici Çil B., Keleşoğlu E., Sağır K., Hazar A. B.

International Dental Research, vol.12, no.3, pp.137-142, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Abstract Aim: Air powder polishing (APP) can cause roughness on composite surfaces, and consequently the color change that occurs over time affects the aesthetic negatively. Here, we aim to investigate the effect of repolishing on the roughness and discoloration of resin composites after APP to avoid its negative effects for the first time. Methodology: A total of 39 composite discs were randomly allocated into three groups: Group I: Control (n = 13), Group II: Air Powder Polished (n = 13), and Group III: Air Powder Polished + Re-polished (n = 13). Color and surface roughness of the discs were measured before and after immersion in coffee for 1 week. Color was measured using a colorimeter (CR-400, Konica Minolta, Osaka, Japan), and roughness was measured using a surface roughness analyzer (SJ-400, Mitutoyo, Japan). Results: All specimens in the groups, except those in Group III, showed significant changes in roughness, and all materials showed significant color changes after immersion in the coffee relative to the baseline. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of roughness and color. Conclusion: In this study, we showed that repolishing after APP does not significantly improve the color stability and roughness of the composite restorations. Keywords: Dental air abrasion, surface roughness, repolishing, composite resin, colorimeter, coloring agent