Exergetic analysis of a vertical ground-source heat pump system with wall heating/cooling

Akbulut U., Açıkgöz Ö., Kıncay O., Karakoç T. H.

in: Progress in Exergy, Energy, and the Environment, İbrahim Dinçer,Adnan Midilli,Haydar Küçük, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Lausanne, pp.305-312, 2014

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Lausanne
  • Page Numbers: pp.305-312
  • Editors: İbrahim Dinçer,Adnan Midilli,Haydar Küçük, Editor
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The present study deals with an exergetic analysis and assessment of a Vertical Ground-Source Heat Pump System (VGSHP) combined with a Wall Heating System (WHCS) in a building. This study is an experimental investigation of a real building’s heating system. The system is located at Yildiz Renewable Energy House (YREH) in Yildiz Technical University and fulfills the heating demand of YREH and a living room of the neighboring dormitory. In order to validate an exergetic model, the system is divided into three subsystems: (1) the ground coupling circuit, (2) the refrigerant circuit, and (3) the WHS circuit. The schematic diagram of the constructed experimental system is given in Fig. 26.1. Exergetic model is obtained by applying mass, energy, and exergy equations for each system component. YREH has four rooms, each has 8 m2 floor area, and the neighboring dormitory has a 50 m2 living room. In this study three rooms of YREH and the living room have been heated during heating season. The heating season was assumed to be between 1 January and 31 March. As average results on the heating season, 6.509 kW heat energy was extracted from ground and 5.799 kW was used in the WHS. In this process electrical energy consumption of system components are as follows: compressor 1.711 kW, ground heat exchanger pump 0.092 kW, accumulator tank circulation pump 0.114 kW, andWHS circulation pump 0.108 kW. For heating season, calculated overall system efficiency was 67.36 % while GSHP unit’s efficiency was 85 %. In addition, overall system COP was 2.76, while GSHP unit’s COP was 4.13. Total exergy destruction was found 1.759 kWand largest exergy destruction has occurred in the compressor as 0.714 kW. The exergy efficiency values for the individual components of the system have been found ranging from 58.3 to 98.4 % according to P/F concept. It is expected that the model would be beneficial for evaluating low exergy heating systems which use ground source as a renewable energy.