RESEARCH ON CHEMICAL INTERMEDIATES, cilt.41, ss.1499-1515, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
In this paper, the kinetics and equilibrium of removing nickel from galvanic sludge leachate on nanocrystalline (14.6 nm) titania (TiO2) powders were studied for the first time. The pseudo-first-order, Natarajan and Khalaf, Bhattacharya and Venkobachar, the pseudo-second-order, Bangham's equation, Elovich, and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models were applied in order to identify potential adsorption process mechanisms. The adsorption kinetic data were best represented by the second-order model (k (2) = 0.041 x 10(2) g mg(-1) min(-1)). Thermodynamic parameters were also calculated to study the effect of temperature on the removal process. The positive Gibbs free energy (a dagger GA degrees) and positive enthalpy change (a dagger HA degrees) indicated the non-spontaneous and endothermic nature of the reaction, respectively. The equilibrium data for the adsorption of nickel on TiO2 nanoparticles were tested with two adsorption isotherm models, the Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The Langmuir model fits the adsorption isotherm data of nickel better than the Freundlich model. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained using the Langmuir isotherm model is 1.115 mg g(-1) at pH 4. The dimensionless equilibrium parameter, R (L), signifies a favorable adsorption of nickel on TiO2 nanoparticles adsorbent, and was found to be between 0.354 (0 < R (L) < 1).