Exploring multidimensional aspects of walkability: An innovative analysis approach in Besiktas, Istanbul


Frontiers of Architectural Research, vol.12, no.6, pp.1097-1126, 2023 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foar.2023.07.004
  • Journal Name: Frontiers of Architectural Research
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Index Islamicus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1097-1126
  • Keywords: Critical cartography, Mixed methods, Mobile methodologies, Space syntax, Walkability
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study develops a holistic approach that underlines the effect of spatial, behavioral, and perceptional dimensions on walkability at the neighborhood scale. The study recognizes quantitatively measured tangible factors and qualitatively assessed intangible values to evaluate the level of walkability in Besiktas, Istanbul (Turkey). The research explores the independent and combined effects of physical characteristics, individual perceptions, and walking behavior on walkability. Geographic Information Systems urban analyses, space syntax analysis, and observation to establish an analytical framework for spatial and behavioral dimensions of walkability in Besiktas central district are used as a methodology. Additionally, perceptional data is gathered through an experimental approach, which involves participants walking along pre-determined routes using cartography techniques and employing “shared walks” as a mobile method. The results of study confirmed previous findings from studies that the physical, social, and typological attributes of the built environment have a significant correlation between walking behavior and the physical and social aspects of the built environment. This study provides a comprehensive walkability assessment framework, encompassing quantitative and qualitative dimensions. By incorporating spatial, behavioral, and perceptual dimensions, this approach provides an efficient and integrated analytical methodology for evaluating walkability, distinguishing itself with its originality in the field of walkability research.