Spatial planning of stadiums according to international regulations in Turkey

ARSLAN N., Gürer T. K.

A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, vol.19, no.1, pp.89-102, 2022 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/itujfa.2022.34445
  • Journal Name: A/Z ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-102
  • Keywords: Comfort, Design, International regulations, Security, Stadium
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, Faculty of Architecture. All Rights Reserved.As one of the largest structures of the city, stadiums are remarkable building typologies that bring together a high number of users. In these buildings, ensuring the comfort and safety conditions of users who actively participate in venues - from the players to the spectators - is a priority. Therefore, national and international guidelines that are published by the federations contribute to the development of qualified stadium designs. They also recommend separating the users according to the spatial requirements and creating competent, qualified architectural spaces by having suitable types of equipment. Ensuring compliance with these standards is also very essential to be able to host possible international organizations. Moreover, qualified stadiums that provide these conditions contribute to increase the brand value of sports clubs. In this study, eight stadiums built between 2000 and 2016 in Turkey are analyzed according to the technical requirements of the International Federation of Association Football. Spatial organization schemas, that FIFA introduced in guidelines to increase comfort and safety, are compared with the spatial structures of eight stadiums. In addition to that comparison outcomes are discussed whether the findings can guide future stadium designs.