Gliadins and glutenins are storage proteins important in determining the bread-, noodle-, and pasta-making quality of wheat. Glutenins consist of HMW and LMW subunits. The Glu-A3, Glu-B3, and Glu-D3 loci on the short arms of chromosomes 1A, 1B, and 1D, respectively, are the major loci for LMW glutenins. To construct physical maps of the Glu-3 loci, a set of 24 high-density filters representing a 3.1x genome coverage hexaploid wheat BAC library was screened by hybridization using a probe made of 3 LMW glutenin sequences. After 2 rounds of hybridization, a subset of 536 BAC clones were selected and fingerprinted. Three developing seed cDNA libraries were also constructed. A total of 5000-6000 ESTs were generated from each library, assembled into contigs and searched by homology for LMW glutenin sequences. In total, 90 full-length LMW glutenin sequences were found to cluster into 8 distinct groups representing at least 21 different LMW glutenin subunits. A set of 24 pairs of PCR primers was designed from these groups and used as markers on the BAC clones. The combined fingerprinting and marker data were used to build the physical maps using FPC software. A total of 91 contigs comprising 254 clones were obtained and 282 clones remained singletons.