The effect of polyolefin's molecule and supermolecule structures on some industrial processes


Mamedov S., Koyun A. , Varol S., Alekperov V., Lenger Y. , Oksuz S.

MACROMOLECULAR SYMPOSIA, cilt.146, ss.163-169, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 146
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/masy.19991460122
  • Dergi Adı: MACROMOLECULAR SYMPOSIA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.163-169

Özet

In this study, the raw materials and their structural properties were analyzed in synthetic polymer pipe production by the following events: 1) The effect of extruder processes to dynamic-mechanical properties of polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) pipes in pipe production; 2) The effect of the fiber direction on dynamic-mechanical properties and extruder materials; 3) The heat process on welding during the pipe production and the effect of polymer structure on welding duration; 4) Physical properties and structural changes of pigmented PE and PP raw materials. 5) The relationship between dynamic-mechanical properties of polymers with thermodynamic and kinetic concepts and effect of temperature. The results (that were) derived after several measurements are as follows: 1)The best stability properties were observed on the pipe samples which have same fibre direction. In samples with opposite and vertical fiber directions the stability properties are 30% lower. 2) The maximum dynamic-mechanical properties of the pipe samples were observed when the extruder temp. Is 463 k. These properties were lower in the pipe compared to the samples taken from the inner and outer part of the extruder. For the sample during this time the concentration of the oxygen groups are at the lowest and amorphous regions are at the highest level. These results prove that the temperature, the pressure and the cooling rate of the material taken from the extruder have too much effect on polymer structure. 3) Welding duration is investigated without changing the fibrillar structure. The best welding conditions have been obtained in case of deformation graphs with minimum areas. The results can be explained with the difference in polymer structures at different temperatures during pipe manufacturing process. 4) The sigma, tau, gamma values differ greatly in the samples taken from different companies (similar to 50%). The analyses of LR spectra and microphotographs show that this difference depends on the differences of the polymer structures and the initial data.