SIGMA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND NATURAL SCIENCES-SIGMA MUHENDISLIK VE FEN BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.38, no.4, pp.1925-1937, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Article / Article
SIGMA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING AND NATURAL SCIENCES-SIGMA MUHENDISLIK VE FEN BILIMLERI DERGISI
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Automatic vehicle location, bottleneck detection, geographic information system, intelligent transportation system, traffic congestion, AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION, TRANSIT OPERATIONS, PREDICTION
An occurrence of congestion at a highway segment, also named bottleneck, is one of the major problems of traffic. As a result of the bottlenecks, vehicle speeds are transparently decreased and its effects continue on the traffic flow by acting upstream or downstream as an interface for a while. Thus, negative effects are observed over the capacity of the highway segment where the bottleneck occurs until traffic flow returns to normal conditions again. Therefore, traffic engineers aim to avoid this major problem in design and operation of highways.