Exergetic sustainability indicators for a high pressure hydrogen production and storage system

Midilli A., Inac S., Ozsaban M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.42, no.33, pp.21379-21391, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 33
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.04.299
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.21379-21391
  • Keywords: Hydrogen production, Hydrogen storage, Sustainability, Exergetic sustainability indicators, Exergy efficiency, Exergetic sustainability, TURBOPROP ENGINE, WATER ELECTROLYSIS, ENERGY SYSTEM
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


This study examines the exergetic sustainability effect of PEM electrolyzes (PEME) integrated high pressure hydrogen gas storage system whose capacity is 3 kg/h. For this purpose, the indicators, previously used in the literature, are taken into account and their variations are parametrically studied as a function of the PEME operating pressure and storage pressure by considering i) PEME operating temperature at 70 degrees C, ii) PEME operating pressures at 10, 30, 50 and 100 bar, hydrogen gas flow rate at 3 kg/h and iv) storage pressure between 200 and 900 bar. Consequently, the results from the parametric investigation indicate that, with the ascent of storage pressure from 200 to 900 bar at a constant PEME operating pressure (=50 bar), exergetic efficiency changes decreasingly between 0.612 and 0.607 while exergetic sustainability between 1.575 and 1.545. However, it is estimated that waste exergy ratio changes increasingly between 0.388 and 0.393 while environmental effect factor between 0.635 and 0.647. Additionally, it is said that the higher PEME outlet pressure causes the higher exergetic sustainability index, the lower environmental effect factor, the lower waste exergy output, the higher exergetic efficiency. However, the higher storage pressure causes the lower exergetic efficiency, the higher waste exergy output, the higher environmental effect factor and the lower exergetic sustainability index. Thus, it is recommended that this type of the system should be operated at higher PEME outlet pressure, and at an optimum hydrogen storage pressure. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.