Determination of zip coefficients for residential loads

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Bircan M., Durusu A., Kekezoğlu B., Elma O., Selamoğulları U. S.

Pressacademia Procedia, vol.5, pp.176-180, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


In this study, constant-impedance, constant-current and constant-power ZIP models have been analyzed for residental loads. Measurement based approach has been used to obtain ZIP models of selected loads. The measurement-based approach for load modeling is important because it reflects the real dynamics of the system and represents the load characteristics more accurately. The ZIP model is used to estimate the power drawn by the load depending on the voltage changes. Since the ZIP load model is a well-known model that provides power dependence in terms of the physical sense of voltage, studies are taking place in this area. In this study, the voltage and power values of selected residental loads at YTU Smart Home Laboratory are measured. Then, the ZIP coefficients have been calculated by using the least squares algorithm developed in MATLAB. The measured data is compared with the data from the obtained ZIP model for each appliance.