ANALYSIS OF THE SURFACE LAYER FORMATION OF SINGLE-CYLINDER ENGINE COMBUSTION CHAMBER WITH PHOSPHOROUS-FREE AND CONVENTIONAL ENGINE LUBRICANTS


YÜKSEK L. , Kaleli H., ÖZKAN D. B.

JOURNAL OF THE BALKAN TRIBOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, cilt.20, sa.1, ss.116-123, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE BALKAN TRIBOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.116-123

Özet

Phosphorus-free engine lubricants are gaining importance for preventing catalyst poisoning which is the major deactivation mechanism that causes the malfunction of 3-way catalysts. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the mechanism of surface layer formation on combustion chamber of spark ignition engines with phosphorous-free and phosphorous-containing engine lubricants. An experimental endurance test was conducted for 100 h at equal load conditions for each lubricant. Endurance tests were applied with a laboratory engine test bench. Subsequently, engines dismantled and cylinder liners were cut accurately to obtain specimens for microscopic examination. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy methods were used for evaluation.