Green hydrogen production potential in Turkey with wind power


Karayel G. K. , JAVANI N. , DİNCER İ.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15435075.2021.2023882
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREEN ENERGY
  • Keywords: Green hydrogen, wind energy, onshore wind, offshore wind, undersea current, PEM electrolyzer, ECONOMIC VIABILITY, ENERGY, WATER, SYSTEMS

Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the renewable energy-based hydrogen production potential using onshore and offshore wind power, along with the available undersea currents in Turkey. Wind energy potential varies based on the cities location, for both onshore and applicable offshore applications. Furthermore, undersea current turbines are considered for generating renewable energy potential. Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolyzers are considered for water splitting and hydrogen production. The total hydrogen production potential for Turkey is estimated to be 248.56 million tons. The onshore wind, offshore wind, and undersea current hydrogen production potentials are found to be 233.38, 15.17, and 6.65 million tons, respectively. In this regard, Erzurum, Van, Konya, and Sivas appear to be the cities with maximum hydrogen production potentials of 13.83, 12.81, 12.05, and 11.82 million tons, respectively. The hydrogen generation potentials for all Turkish cities are provided and discussed for a hydrogen economy platform. It may help promote Turkey to a hydrogen hub leadership position in the region through creating jobs supporting energy sector, and providing a sustainable future by establishing local, national, and international connections and networks. It furthermore gives a country-wide spectrum of how effective role the wind energy can play in paving the road for a sustainable energy country. The study results may serve as a reliable base for planning and strategizing purposes as required for the country and help create new energy policies for exploiting renewable energy resources.