The capacity of some newly bacteria and fungi for biodegradation of herbicide trifluralin under agiated culture media


Erguven G. O. , Bayhan H. , Ikizoglu B. , KANAT G. , Nuhoglu Y.

CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, cilt.62, ss.74-79, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 62 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.14715/cmb/2016.62.6.14
  • Dergi Adı: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.74-79

Özet

Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms to degrade environmental contaminants (pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons etc.) into less toxic forms or compounds. In this study microbial biodegradation of trifluralin was performed in liquid media with 11 different types of identified fungi and bacteria cultures and their mixtures in agiated culture media. The isolated fungi and bacteria mixtures showed the highest degradation, reaching 93% in the chemical oxygen demand (COD) parameter in four days and 82% as trifluralin active ingredient in five days. Bacteria and fungi mixtures achieved 69% and 66% degradations of trifluralin active ingredient respectively. In the fungi studies, the best removal was achieved by M. Chlamydosporia at 80%, in the bacteria studies, the best removal was achieved by Bacillus simplex about 95% in five days. These different removal rates were due to the microbial differencies.