AESOP 16th Young Academics Conference - In Search of Well-Being in Liminality: No Longer Not Yet , İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 08 April 2022, vol.1, pp.42-43
Today, the last piece of land that maintains its power to unite the society is open green spaces. In the Covid-19 pandemic, the unequal distribution of open green spaces has come to the fore more strikingly than ever before. The main problem of this study is the spatial justice crisis that caused by the uneven accessibility of open green spaces. We aim to reveal the problem of spatially unequal distributed open green areas with quantitative data and to create a discussion ground in the context of spatial justice. Istanbul Caddebostan Coast Park was completely closed in the first period of the Covid-19 pandemic and faced with overuse criticisms in the following period. We collected the primary data with 85 location-based surveys which we conducted with the Survey123 application. We made upper scale analyses from land use data and created accessibility maps with network and interpolation analysis techniques. Although the area's capacity of 20,958 people under pandemic conditions is only enough for Caddebostan Neighbourhood with 20,453 inhabitants, it serves the whole of Istanbul. On the other hand, the size of open green space per person, which is up to 31 m2 in the coastal neighbourhoods of Kadıköy, is below 4 m2 in other neighbourhoods. Hence, the findings of the study dramatically show the uneven distribution of open green space problem in Istanbul and Kadıköy. This study embodied spatial injustice with its physical and social dimensions. Furthermore, it sheds light on planning open green spaces that has unique importance in the future of planning discipline. The analyses indicate the necessity of reorganizing open green spaces with rational and comprehensive actions. Finally, we propose that the issue of accessibility to open green spaces must be discussed at the global level.