Metaphoric Perceptions of Primary School 4th Grade Students on the Concept of Friendship

Creative Commons License

Erol M., Köksal H.

Sosyal Bilimler ve Eğitim Dergisi, vol.5, no.1, pp.14-26, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.53047/josse.1034763
  • Journal Name: Sosyal Bilimler ve Eğitim Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: MLA - Modern Language Association Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.14-26
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This research aims to determine the metaphorical perceptions of primary school 4th -grade students about friendship. The study group of the study, which was carried out within the scope of the phenomenology design, one of the qualitative research designs, consisted of 144 4th grade primary school students studying in a public primary school in Istanbul Esenler in the 2021- 2022 academic year. The data of the research were obtained through the semi-structured interview form (Friendship is like ……… Because ………..), which was prepared by the researchers and was finalized in line with the necessary expert opinions. The data obtained within the scope of the research were analyzed by content analysis. According to the findings obtained in the study, it was determined that primary school students perceived friendship in terms of values, skills, and emotional states. In addition, while defining friendship, the students mostly used values such as honesty and sincerity.