NM-LEACH: A Novel Modified LEACH Protocol to Improve Performance in WSN

Abdulaal A. H., SHAH A. S., Pathan A. K.

International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security, vol.14, no.1, pp.1-10, 2022 (Scopus) identifier


© 2022, International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security.All Rights Reserved.Saving energy and improving the lifetime of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) has remained as a key research challenge for some time. Low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH), a classical protocol is designed originally for the purpose of reducing and balancing the network’s energy consumption. However, as the distances between the cluster head (CH) and the member nodes are not taken into consideration, it results in the uneven distribution of the clusters and uneven consumption of the energy in the network. Choosing the CHs with no distinction is an issue as well. Based on the original algorithm, a novel modified LEACH (NM-LEACH) has been proposed, considering critical problems that exist in the network. NM-LEACH protocol is capable of reasonably solving the number of the CHs in each round and takes the energy as a factor of weight under consideration in selecting the CH. The proposed protocol enhances performance by extending the WSN lifecycle, which results in increasing the balance of the energy consumption in the network, and improving the efficiency of the network