Photodimerization of thioxanthone-anthracene: formation of monochromophoric Type II initiator

Balta D. , ARSU N.

DESIGNED MONOMERS AND POLYMERS, cilt.19, sa.3, ss.222-226, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 19 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15685551.2015.1136528
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.222-226


Thioxanthone-anthracene (TX-A) was previously synthesized and used as an initiator for the polymerization of acrylates and methacrylates in air atmosphere. Photodimerization of TX-A was carried out in benzene under light irradiation of >350nm, and dimer (diTX-A) formation was followed by UV-vis, fluorescence and phosphorescence spectroscopy. The conjugation of anthracene was destroyed after dimerization, and the thioxanthone group was left behind. Therefore, the typical thioxanthone absorption spectrum was seen at 380nm. TX-A itself does not have phosphorescence emission; however, diTX-A displayed phosphorescence emission spectrum similar to thioxanthone. IR and H-1 NMR spectrophotometric techniques also helped to determine the structure of diTX-A. Furthermore, photopolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in the presence of dimer (diTX-A) was another proof of the photodimerization of TX-A. diTX-A initiated polymerization of MMA as good as thioxanthone in the nitrogen atmosphere and displayed typical Type II initiator behaviour.