Evalution of the Accuracy and Performance of Multi-GNSS (MGEX) Positioning for Long Baselines by Using Different Software

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Pırtı A., Yücel M. A.

Journal of Geodesy and Geoinformation Science, vol.6, no.4, pp.79-92, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a GNSS constellation, but GNSS is not always GPS. GPS is one of the GNSS constellations used around the world. The GNSS constellations include GPS (US), QZSS (Japan), Beidou/BDS (China), Galileo (EU), and GLONASS (Russia). In 1999, the European Commission (EC) proposed the European Galileo satellite navigation system for the first time. A four-phase development was proposed, including public and private sector finance. Galileo was intended for both civilian and government use, and is managed and controlled by civil authorities. Galileo is made up of 30 satellites, a number of globally distributed ground stations, and a ground control and monitoring system, all of which are extremely similar to the structure, format, and layout of GPS. In this study, we investigate GPS/GLONASS/Galileo/Beidou/IRNSS/QZSS Navigation Satellite System integration algorithm for long baselines ranging from 1500km to 3000km in China, Japan and Mongolia. The positioning performance with GPS/GLONASS/Galileo/BDS/IRNSS/QZSS, GPS-only, Galileo-only, GLONASS-only and BDS-only, etc. is compared in terms of the positioning accuracy. An improvement of positioning accuracy over long baselines can be found with GPS/GLONASS/Galileo/BDS/QZSS/IRNSS compared with that of GPS-only and that of BDS-only. The obtained differences of the two baselines (Topcon Magnet Tools Software (Multi-GNSS)-(CSRS-PPP (GPS/GLONASS), (Trimble-RTX (GPS/GLONASS), (AUSPOS (GPS/GLONASS)) Online Processing Software) by using GPS/GLONASS/Galileo/BDS/QZSS/IRNSS signals is between 40cm and 111.5cm on three days.